Euroscicon Ltd invites participants from all over the world to attend 11th Edition of International conference on Biopolymers & Bioplastics during March 23-24, 2020 in London, UK, which includes prompt Keynote Presentations, Oral Talks, Young Research Forum, Technical Workshops, Poster Presentations and Exhibitions.
On this great occasion, Organizing Committee heartily invites participants from all over the globe to take part in this annual conference. Biopolymers 2020 with the theme " Economic and Environmental Advantages for Sustainable Future" aims at sharing new ideas and new technologies amongst the professionals, industrialists and students from research areas of Biofuels, Bioenergy, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Physics to share their recent innovations and applications in various fields and indulge in interactive discussions and technical sessions at the event. Biopolymers are chain-like molecules made up of repeating chemical blocks and can be very long in length. Depending on the nature of the repeating unit they are made of polysaccharides, proteins of amino acids, and nucleic acids of nucleotides. The studies are more concerned to Biocomposites, Green Composites, Biopolymer Feed Stock Challenges, Biofibers & Microbial Cellulose, Biomaterials and Bioplastics. Advanced studies are being made to improvise developments in Biopolymer Technology, Plastic pollution and promising solutions, Waste Management, pharmaceutical and biomedical applications, Biodegrade ability, and many more.
The Conference will also have a space for companies and/or institutions to present their services, products, innovations and research results.
Importance and Scope:
Over the past few years, global economic activities have increased a lot. This tremendous growth has raised serious problems about current important patterns of production and consumption. As the current society has increased its attention in understanding of the environmental aspects and its industrial practices, greater attention has been given to the concept of sustainable economic systems that rely on energy from undepletable source and materials. The use of Bio-based materials and Biologically derived Polymers becomes as an important component of this global world.
The history of Biopolymer and Biocomposites is not a long one. Various reasons are associated with the research and development of Biopolymers and Biocomposites. Use of Bioplastics will make a tremendous change and will help rid of the conventional plastics , which is a welcome change.
London, the capital of England and the United Kingdom, is a 21st-century city with history stretching back to Roman times. At its center stand the imposing Houses of Parliament, the iconic ‘Big Ben’ clock tower and Westminster Abbey, site of British monarch coronations. Across the Thames River, the London Eye observation wheel provides panoramic views of the South Bank cultural complex, and the entire city. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region. Its estimated mid-2016 municipal population (corresponding to Greater London) was 8,787,892, the largest of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The city's metropolitan area is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016, while the Greater London Authority states the population of the city-region as 22.7 million. London was the world's most populous city from c.1831 to 1925.
London contains four World Heritage Sites: The Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret's Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich (in which the Royal Observatory, Greenwich defines the Prime Meridian, 0° longitude, and GMT). Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events and other cultural institutions, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world.
Sessions and Tracks
Biopolymers 2020 offers a fantastic opportunity to meet and make new contacts in the field of Biomaterials, Biocomposites, Bioplastics, Polymer Science and engineering, by providing collaboration spaces and break-out rooms with tea and lunch for delegates between sessions with invaluable networking time for you. we allows delegates to have issues addressed on Bio materials by recognized global experts who are up to date with the latest developments in the Bio materials & Biocomposites field and provide information on new techniques and technologies. This International Biopolymer Materials and biocomposites conference will feature renowned keynote speakers, plenary speeches, young research forum, poster presentations, technical workshops and career guidance sessions
Track 1: Biopolymers and Biocomposites
Biocomposite is a composite material composed of matrix (resin) and a reinforcement of natural fibers. These kinds of materials always providing biocompatibility. The matrix phase is formed by polymers derived from renewable and non-renewable resources. The matrix is important to protect the fibers from environmental degradation and mechanical damage, to hold the fibers together and to transfer the loads on it.
Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; which means they are polymeric biomolecules. Biopolymers consist of monomeric units that are covalently bonded to form larger structures. It is divided in three main classes, classified according to the monomeric units used and the structure of the biopolymer formed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are often linear bonded polymeric carbohydrate structures. Other examples of biopolymers include rubber, suberin, melanin and lignin.
Track 2: Applications of Biopolymers & Bioplastics
Biopolymers, due to its biocompatible and biodegradable nature, can be utilized to improve the production or performance of other biologically active molecules in a product. They can also be modified to suite various potential applications which are Synthesis of nanomaterial, biomedical applications, Food industry, Packaging applications, Water purification, Applications for Environment Protection etc.
Track 3: Tissue Engineering, Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Division
Tissue engineering is the vast area of research in modern years because of its vast potential in the repair or replacement of impaired tissues and organs. In tissue engineering the present research will focus on scaffolds as they are one of the three most important factors, including seed cells, growth hormones and scaffolds. Among the polymers used in tissue engineering, polyhydroxy esters (such as PLA, PGA, and PLGA) have extensive attention for a variety of biomedical applications. Besides, PCL has been widely used as a tissue engineering scaffold. Scaffolds have been used as bone, cartilage, ligament, skin, vascular tissues, neural tissues, and skeletal muscle and as vehicle for the delivery of drugs, proteins, and DNA.
Track 4: Compostability and Biodegradability
Biodegradable product breaks down into smaller compounds with the help of biological organisms, such as fungi and bacteria. In aerobic conditions, biodegradable products will break down to produce carbon dioxide, water and biomass. In anaerobic conditions, they produce carbon dioxide, methane, water and biomass.
Compostable product also breaks down into smaller compounds with the help of biological organisms, but it does so in specific conditions to a specified outcome. In general, a compostable product breaks down in a specific timeframe in a controlled moist, warm, aerobic environment to produce compost that is non-toxic and can enhance soil and support plant life.
Track 5: Processing and Modelling
Polymer processing is the technique of converting raw polymeric materials into completed products having desirable shape, microstructures and properties. The raw form of polymers is available initially as pellets which are heated to its glass transition temperature to form into a viscous fluid. The fluid is then subjected to moulding and rapid solidification by cooling which results in the development of the required shape and microstructures. This method has been a standard since for thermoplastic processing since the 1960s. Thermosetting plastics utilize a similar processing method but with additives and cross-linking agents. The crosslinking formed after cooling are and irreversible and re-heating will not be effective in liquefying the polymers.
Polymers modelling process has become prominent since the last decade, especially for processing soft materials. New sampling methods are developed to increase the exploration of configuration space, which has been still continues to be of paramount importance in the determining the properties of polymeric materials. The time duration and scaling issues are being addressed with new coarse-grained methods, while more traditional methods are being applied in increasing chemical complexity and reality.
Track 6: Recycling & Waste management of Polymers
Biobased polymers lead not only on the raw materials side but also on the other side through certain promising end-of-life (EOL) options. Exclusively waste disposal with energy recovery has an added advantage, which lies in benefiting carbon neutral energy while allowing multiple uses of possible recycling. The recent commission after research said that all of the composts contain biodegradable polymers materials could be classified using a risk assessment system at a higher toxicity position. Biodegradable polymers waste can serve for aerobic degradation, composting, or anaerobic digestion. When biopolymers are propagated or digested, their individual elements are recycled naturally in particular in their carbon and hydrogen content.
Track 7: Synthetic polymers, Nanopolymers and Nanotechnology
Synthetic polymers are man-made polymers. For utility, it can be classified into four main categories: thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers and synthetic fibers. These polymers are commonly found in a variety of consumer products such as money, glue, etc.
In the field of Polymer science and nanotechnology, Nano polymers and nanoclays have gained massive interests from researchers and in recent literatures. Nanotechnology is included in the most popular areas for today’s research and development and basically in all areas of technical disciplines. This also includes polymer science, which includes an wide range of sub-fields. Nanopolymers are used in microelectronics and the micro-devices are now below 100 nm. Both Nanopolymers and Polymer based Biomaterials are used for drug delivery, mini-emulsion particles, fuel cell electrode polymer bound catalysts, polymer films, inprint lithography, electro spun nanofibers and polymer blends. Nanopolymers include various physical properties that are applied in composite reinforcement for imparting abilities to the composite such as barrier strength, electro-optical properties, and flame resistance. Recent enthusiasm in polymer matrix based nanocomposites was emerged initially with interesting observations involving exfoliated clay and more recent studies with carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, exfoliated graphite (graphene), nanocrystalline metals and a host of additional nanoscale inorganic filler or fiber modifications.
Track 8: Ocean Plastics
Ocean plastic research is a relatively new field, the billions upon billions of items of plastic waste choking our oceans, lakes, and rivers and piling up on land is more than unsightly and harmful to plants and wildlife. About 8 million metric tons of plastic are thrown into the ocean annually. Of those, 236,000 tons are micro plastics– tiny pieces of broken-down plastic smaller than our little fingernail. There is more plastic than natural prey at the sea surface of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which means that organisms feeding at this area are likely to have plastic as a major component of their diets. For instance, sea turtles by-caught in fisheries operating within and around the patch can have up to 74% (by dry weight) of their diets composed of ocean plastics. By 2050 there will be more plastic in the oceans than there are fish (by weight).
Track 9: Polymers Application in Medicine, Health, Biotechnology and others
In modern times, a new class of biocompatible polymers and therapeutic polymeric systems and materials are being researched and have shown good amount of attraction for areas in polymer science. Attention towards polymeric compounds that can be bioassimilated is increased, primarily in the field of time-limited therapeutic applications. Among all the new candidates for materials that can be used to implant within the body, only a handful exhibit all the necessary properties required for safe functioning within the human body. Many researchers are turning towards synthesizing novel artificial polymeric materials or biopolymers, i.e. polymers of non-natural origin that are composed of pro-metabolite building blocks which can be utilized as components of biomedical or pharmacological therapeutic systems.
Track 10: Advanced polymers
Polylactide (PLA) the most promising one of Biopolymers these are a type of plastics which is being manufactured from petrochemicals, generated from sustainable feed stocks such as sugar, starch or Cellulose. Till date, the use of biopolymers, includes the first generation PLA, has been limited by their Physical properties and relatively high cost to manufacture. Next generation biopolymers, are the Plastics component fabrication, Polysaccharides second generation PLA, are to be cheaper and to improve their performance and a wide variety of application to capture an increasing share of the various markets for Biopolymers.
Track 11: Green Composites in Biopolymers
Whole green composites are the composite materials that are made from both renewable resource based polymer (biopolymer) and bio-filler. Whole green composites are recyclable, renewable, triggered biodegradable and could reduce the dependency on the fossil fuel to a great extent when used in interior applications. Whole green composites could have major applications in automotive interiors, interior building applications and major packaging areas. Despite the large number of recent reviews on green composites defined as biopolymers or bio-derived polymers reinforced with natural fibers for bioprocessing of materials, limited investigation has taken place into the most appropriate applications for these materials.
Track 12: Polymer Physics and Chemistry
Polymer physics deals with the structure and properties of polymers and also the reaction kinetics of polymerization of monomers and degradation of polymers that are in the form of solids, glasses, elastomers, gels, solutions, melt and semi-crystalline. These properties are of great interests in polymer technologies such as optoelectronics, coatings, medicine, food and pharmacy. Polymer chemistry is a vast field that involves the study of monomers and polymerization and the synthesis of new materials from various combinations and characteristics. The composition of monomers and the applied chemical and processing techniques can largely affect the properties the polymer will possess at the end of the production.
Track 13: Bioeconomy and future of bio-based materials
The Bioeconomy is the production of renewable biological resource and the conversion of these resources and waste into value products, like food, bio-based products, feed and bioenergy. These sectors have a strong potential for innovation due to their wide range of sciences that allows for industrial technologies. The shift to a feasible bio-based economy implies that the historically developed structures and the traditional way of life need to be completely reconsidered. Therefore, it is critical to bring into line researches into a broad basis to the solution of the budding societal challenges and to progressively integrate social and economic sciences, as well as cultural and humanities disciplines. The communal transition towards a bioeconomy raises questions around the ethical fundamentals as of the political and institutional framework conditions, in short, the regulating resources of such a comprehensive change.
Track 14: Biopolymer Feed Stock Challenges & Opportunities
Bio related products can restore petroleum-related products, new methodologies, where various types of lingo-cellulosic biomass experience bioprocessing to commercially important products, must be devised. A relatively low value lignocellulosic biomass that could be used to produce bio based co-products is grass. Currently, many grasses are largely took the advantage for cropping by livestock or harvested as hay. To exploit this opportunity, the feasibility of using microbial bioconversion for the production of chemicals and polysaccharide gums from the fermentable sugars present in hydrolysates of various grass species. The production of 2.5 g/l was obtained when the cells were grown on medium containing 70 mM sucrose and 0.2% (w/v) Cas amino Acids. It enriched medium is maximum biopolymers production of up to 3.4 g/laws was obtained.
Importance and Scope:
Growing energy crisis, climate variations and carbon dioxide discharge from fossil fuels makes it a high concern to look for low carbon energy resources. Biofuels have been progressively explored as a successful alternative source of fuel and serve a key target for the future energy market that can play a vital role in preserving energy security.
It is mainly considered as potentially feasible, low-carbon energy source. Biofuels & Bioenergy- 2020 is the event devised for the International professionals to accelerate the promulgation and application of research discoveries related to biofuels & bioenergy as replacement fuels. It is a scientific podium to meet counterpart key decision makers all around the Biotech Organizations, Academic Institutions, Industries, & Environment Related Institutes etc., and making the congress an ideal platform to participate and share the knowledge in the field of bioenergy and biofuels.
Biofuels & Bioenergy-2019 is a platform to meet insightful leaders through the research talks and presentations and encourage many novel approaches of production and scale up of renewable energy. It adds a forum for all stakeholders in the bioenergy sector, original research, featuring review articles, research and development spotlights, news, commentaries, interviews with key opinion leaders and much more, with a prospect to building an international community of bioenergy communication.
The recognition of biofuels has prevailed since the invention of the motor vehicle. With the discovery of immense petroleum deposits, gasoline and diesel was accessible reasonably, thereby confiding biofuels to the background. Nonetheless, the recent surge in oil prices, added with mounting worries related to global warming linked with carbon dioxide (CO2), emissions have culminated in the re-emergence of biofuels as feasible alternatives. Biofuel is manufactured using a wide range of resources. This resource has grown preferably in recent years, aiding to shape a dexterous industry that is steadily searching for new technologies and feedstock.
In fact, industry demand for reasonable, candid sources of fats and oils is bracing promising research on advanced feedstock such as Algae and Camelina. With more than a decade of commercial-scale production, the industry takes pride in its meticulous approach to improvement and strong target on sustainability.
Production has increased from around 25 million gallons in the early 2000s to about 1.7 billion gallons advanced biofuel in 2014. With projected feedstock availability, the industry has settled a goal of manufacturing about 10 percent of the diesel transportation market by 2022. The industry’s economic impact is hovered to thrive significantly with pursued production increases. The industry backs jobs in diverse sectors, from manufacturing to transportation, agriculture and service.
The biofuels industry is receiving much attention in recent years, as they help to minimize carbon emissions, qualify for carbon credits, reduce dependence over fossil fuels, and utilize feedstock, which is renewable in nature. The governments of at least 24 countries have issued biofuel blending mandates, development plans, policies, and regulations for promotion and use of biofuels.
Global biofuels-Availability and Sustainability of Feedstocks at a Local and Global Level-
Currently most biofuels are created from Crop harvests that can be utilized for nourishment (e.g. corn, wheat, sugar stick, sugar beet, palm oil, assault, soy, and so on). Although biofuels offer various advantages to society, there has been a worldwide open deliberation as of late concerning the effects of biofuels (and bioenergy) on nourishment generation and costs, carbon stores (in timberlands), land utilize, and related issues. Wide differing qualities of 'non-sustenance' feedstocks are possibly accessible universally for biofuel production including vitality crops (e.g. Miscanthus, Jatropha, Short Rotation Copice), squanders (e.g. waste oils, nourishment handling squanders, and so on), rural deposits (straw, corn stover, and so forth), ranger service buildups and novel feedstocks, for example, green growth.
Growth in production and use of biofuels worldwide
The Global Renewable Fuels Alliance GRFA declared an intuitive guide demonstrating the present command and arranged focuses for biofuel production in nations over the globe. The GRFA estimates that worldwide fuel ethanol production will surpass 90 billion liters in 2014. As per the US Energy Information Administration, the US created more than 13.3 billion gallons of ethanol in 2013 (marginally up on the 2012 figure). Different projections for worldwide development of biofuels production to 2020 have been made by global associations, free specialists and biofuels affiliations. The PEW Trusts Report Who's triumphant the perfect vitality race? 2012 demonstrates that the US is at present the world pioneer in biofuel ventures with $1.5bn put resources into 2012. In any case, comprehensively, interest in biofuels fell 47% somewhere around 2011 and 2012.
World Fuel Ethanol Production in 2016
Total Global production of Biofuels is 25676 Million of Gallons. United States 14806, Brazil 7093, European Union 1387, China 813, Canada 436, Thailand 334, Argentina 211, India 401, Rest of World 391. Brazil and the USA represent the dominant part of worldwide bioethanol Production. Global exchange ethanol is relied upon to become quickly throughout the following decade, predominantly with fares from Brazil to the US and EU. Be that as it may, development in global exchange biodiesel is foreseen not to become essentially because of specialized issues, issues encompassing exchange palm oil, arrangements, for example, hostile to dumping obligations, and expanded national generation of biodiesel by expending nations.
This demonstrates "somewhere around 2010 and 2011 biofuel utilization expanded by 3%, which deciphers into 13.6 million tons of oil proportionate (toe) utilized as a part of 2011 contrasted with 13.2 million tons in 2010. The European Union's consideration has moved to setting up maintainability frameworks to check that the biofuel utilized as a part of the different nations conforms to the Renewable Energy Directive's manageability criteria. "In 2010, The European Biodiesel Board assessed that European Union biodiesel Production total 9.6 million metric tons. The EBB evaluates the EU oversees over portion of the world's biodiesel yield. In 2011, generation diminished by 10% to 8.6 million metric tons. European Biodiesel Production 2011
Strategies for developing the biofuels market:
The current stage of development of biofuels is influenced by governments who have recognized the triple challenges of climate change, energy security and rural development. The significance of this phase, compared to the rapid phase of development of ethanol in Brazil in the 1970s, is that the issues are now global. The demand for biofuels is not just a desire of policy makers, but is reflected in surveys of the public – the consumer. Of the Europeans surveyed, 47% say they would be prepared to pay more for a vehicle that ran on biofuels, and 41% would be prepared to pay a little more for biofuels. BP’s strategy has involved the formation of a dedicated business unit to pursue opportunities across the value chain from accessing feedstock, through conversion to trading and marketing.
As the only alternative for fossil fuels, biofuels continue to grow in importance, despite a significant slowdown in investment. International trade remains active, with dynamic growth from the major exporting countries. Current markets are therefore expected to maintain their current levels whilst waiting for the emergence of new biofuel technologies from 2015 onwards. The USA has been the world’s leading producer and consumer of biofuels since 2007 followed by South America and Europe, with slightly lower consumption levels, but with a strong exertion of biodiesel in Europe and ethanol in Brazil. After a notable slowdown in growth between 2008 & 2009, consumption of biofuels worldwide returned to growth in although the European Union shows relatively stable consumption of biodiesel, South America has seen its consumption double, whilst that of the USA has fallen by nearly 50%. Ethanol consumption is growing steadily at the rate of 20% in Europe and North America, whilst the situation remains stable or possibly declines slightly in South America.
Major Biofuel Associations around the Globe:
Renewable Fuels Association
Biofuels Association of Australia
Russian Biofuels Association
European Biodiesel Board
European Biomass Industry Association
Aebiom - European Biomass Association